There are 114 State Prisons in Texas

Texas Tough book coverRobert Perkinson believes that slavery played an integral role in the creation of the American penitentiary system. In Texas Tough:  The Rise of America’s Prison Empire, Perkinson outlines the two ancestral lines of U.S. prisons:  rehabilitation and retribution – with retribution outpacing its rival for over a century. There are deep discussions on the culture of the South, race, civil rights and the War on Drugs. At times, Perskinson reveals a partisan bias, but his powerful showcase of American prison history is not only highly readable, it won the 2011 PEN Award for Nonfiction.